Localization of Languages for eGovernance and RTIA





Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language of the Union .  The form of numerals  to be used for official purposes of the Union is the international form of Indian numerals {Article 343 (1) of the Constitution}.In addition to Hindi language English language  may also be used for official purposes.  (Section 3 of the Official Languages Act)

  Business in Parliament may be transacted in English or in Hindi.  However, the Hon’ble Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Hon’ble Speaker of the Lok Sabha may permit any Member to address the House in his / her mother tongue under special circumstances (Article 120 of the Constitution).

The purposes for which Hindi alone is to be used, the purposes for which both Hindi and  English are to be used and the purposes for which English language is to be used, have been specified in the Official Languages Act, 1963, the Official Language Rules, 1976 and the directions issued under them from time to time by the Department of Official Language, Ministry of Home Affairs.

  It has been the policy of the Government of India that progressive use of Hindi in  the official  work may be ensured through persuasion, incentive and goodwill. 




Home Minister : Shri ShivRaj Patil

State Home Minister : Shri Manik Rao H. Gavit




Joint Secretary : Shri M.L. Gupta


                 Subordinate Offices


About us

In view of the importance and the inevitable need of translation in the progressive use of the Official Language Hindi, it was obligatory to provide a well planned organization for translation work.  With this objective in mind, translation work of non-statutory procedural literature was started by setting up Central Hindi Directorate under the Ministry of Education in the year 1960.  However, the implementation of Official Language was the responsibility of Ministry of Home Affairs, hence the work of translating non-statutory procedural literature was transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs.  Therefore, on 1st March, 1971 Central Translation Bureau was set up under the Ministry of Home Affairs and it was entrusted with the responsibilities of translating work of non-statutory procedural literature of the ministries, departments, offices, undertakings, etc. of the Central Government.  Central Translation Bureau is a subordinate office of the Department of Official Language, Ministry of Home Affairs.

To ensure simplicity, lucidity & intelligibility in the translation work and also to ensure uniformity of technical terminology Central Translation Bureau was entrusted with the responsibility of imparting training in translation.  Thus the Bureau is also imparting training in translation.  In fact Central Translation Bureau is the only organization of the Central Government, engaged in the work of translation and imparting training in translation.


1.                  Translation of non-statutory procedural literature and training material of the ministries/departments/offices/banks/undertakings etc. of the Government of India.

2.                  Imparting training in translation to officers/employees engaged in translation work.

3.                  Publication of a journal “Anusheelan” and a newsletter “Bureauvarta”.

4.                  Ensuring uniformity in administrative glossary and expressions.

Translation work

Central Translation Bureau translates, free of cost, the non-statutory procedural literature such as codes, manuals, forms, training material etc. of the different ministries/departments/ offices of Central Government and Public Sector Undertakings, Corporations, Autonomous Bodies, Organizations and Banks etc. owned or controlled by the Central Government. From the year 1971  to 30th  June,  2006, Central Translation Bureau has translated around 19,07,964 standard pages.

For early disposal of backlog of translation work, “Scheme for Expansion of Translating Capacity” (Anuvad Kshamta Vistaar Yojana) was started in Bureau in the year 1989. The said material is also being translated by external translators on honorarium basis under this scheme. Rates of the honorarium for translation are (a) For Non-technical translation – Rs.60/- per thousand words, (b) For Technical translation – Rs.65/- per thousand words. Those desirous of doing the translation work can contact the Headquarters, at New Delhi.  For the sake of convenience, this work is so far given only to people residing in Delhi or in the nearby areas.  In order to have a look at the application form one can Click here.

Training in  Translation

1.       Three Months’ Translation Training Course :

Central Translation Bureau has been conducting an in-service Three Months’ Translation Training Course since 1973 for the Officials engaged in translation/Official Language work at its Headquarters in New Delhi.  In order to cater to the increasing needs of the offices of the Central Government spread all over the country, translation training centers were set up at Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata in January, 1985; October, 1985 and October, 1987 respectively.  Under this course, four programmes of three months’ duration each, are organised at all the centres every year from (1) January to March, (2) April to June, (3) July to September and (4) October to December.  Central Translation Bureau has conducted 375 such programmes upto 30th  June,  2006, wherein 9,000 officials have been trained.  Hostel facility is also available for the convenience of the trainees at Delhi and Kolkata centres.

2.       21 days’ Translation Training Course

21 days’ Translation Training Course has been designed for the personnel of Public Sector Undertakings & Banks.  The programmes under this course are conducted in their offices on demand, in which Training Officers are sent by Central Translation Bureau.  Central Translation Bureau has conducted 25 such programmes upto 30th  June,  2006, wherein 551 officials have received training.

  3.       5 days’ Short-Term Translation Training Course

On demand from various offices across the country,  Central Translation Bureau also conducts 5 days’ Short-Term Translation Training course for such offices.  Seeing the usefulness and popularity of these programmes, the demand for these has been continually increasing.  These programmes are conducted in the offices concerned and Training Officers are sent by Bureau to impart training.  9,397 officials have been trained in 353 such programmes conducted upto 30th  June,  2006.

4.       Advanced/Refresher Translation Training Course (Duration : 5 working days)

At present, this course is conducted only at Headquarters at New Delhi.  Offices can send their officers/employees to receive training in these programmes. Hostel facility is also available for the trainees. Under this course, 75 programmes have been conducted   upto 30th  June,  2006, wherein 1,239 officials have been trained.

5.                 Translation Training Course for Scientists (Five days)

  A special translation training course has been introduced from the year 2005-06.   One such programme was conducted in Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory, Chandigarh from 29.8.2005 to 2.9.2005 and another such programme was conducted in National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore from 05.06.2006 to 09.06.2006. Upto 30th June, 2006 under these two programmes 54 trainees have been trained.  

To see the sample of the Nomination form,  one can click here.


A half yearly journal “Anusheelan” is being jointly brought out by Central Translation Bureau and Central Hindi Training Institute.  In the part relating to the Bureau there are articles on theoretical and practical aspects of Translation, Hindi language, Hindi teaching/training and terminology used in official work and other thought provoking articles on the official language policy.

A newsletter “Bureauvarta” is also being published to provide the information on various activities related to translation, translation training, administration, finance etc. of Central Translation Bureau.


There is a library in Central Translation Bureau in which there are about 15,000 books on Translation, Linguistics and Sanskrit, Hindi and English literature. A copy of the Constitution of India having signatures of the members of the Constituent Assembly is also available in the library of the Bureau.







1. Article 343(1) of the constitution of India specifies that the entire work of the union Government will be done in Hindi. Incompliance with the constitutional provisions, the task of teaching Hindi to the Central Govt. employees was initiated by the Ministry of Education in July 1952. Subsequently in pursuance of the action taken on the suggestions contained in the President’s letter dated the 12th June,1955 addressed to the Minister of Home Affairs, it was decided that the work regarding teaching Hindi to the Central Government Employees be entrusted to the Ministry of Home Affairs. Accordingly, since October1955, Hindi classes under the Hindi Teaching Scheme are being run during office hours under the ages of Ministry of Home Affairs.


2. Initially it was optional for the Central Government Employees who run Hindi. Subsequently, as per presidential orders in April, 1960, in – service Hindi Training was made compulsory for all the Central Government Employees (excluding the employees below class III, employees of Industrial establishments and work-charged staff). Simultaneously, training in Hindi Typing and Hindi Stenography was also made comulsory for LDC’s/Typists and Stenographists. Since 1974, in addition to the employees of the Ministries of Central Government and its attached and subordinate offices, training in Hindi, Hindi Typing and Hindi Stenography has also been made compulsory for the employees of the corporations, bodies, companies, undertakings, banks etc. owned and controlled by the Central Government. Since February,1993, in– service training has been made compulsory for those employees of Industrial Establishment, who are required to perform desk jobs.


3. (I) Part-time training under Hindi Teaching Scheme :

Training in Hindi, Hindi Typing and Hindi Stenography under Hindi Teaching Scheme is imparted on part-time basis. Full-time and part-time Centres are set up according to the training needs in those different areas in the country, where the number of Central Government Employees is sufficient and part time centres are set up in those areas where the number of employees yet to be trained is not sufficient . The number of these training centres is increased or decreased according to the requirements. These training centres are mostly located in the buildings of various Ministries/Deptts; Unvertaking etc. It is the responsibility of the regional officers of the Hindi Teaching Scheme to look after these training centres and where the Offices of the regional officers do not exist, this responsibility has been entrusted upon the Senior-Officers of the local offices of the Central Government. These officers are known as officers in over all charge. In order to keep in touch with and to extend co-operation to these officers and keep contact and coordination with the head office, five regional offices have been set up in New Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkatta and Jabalpur for the Northern, Sourthern, Western, Eastern and Central region respectively which function under the control of the Deputy Directors.

At present, 119 full time and 49 part-time centres are being run for training in Hindi Language and 23 full time and 38 part time centres are being run for imparting training in Hindi Typing/Shorthand.

(II) Intensive training under Central Hindi Training Institute/Sub-Institutes :

Keeping in view the fact that the number of Employees yet to be trained in Hindi has been progressively increasing and that it would not be possible to achieve the prescribed target through the existing part time arrangement under the Hindi Teaching Scheme available since 1955, it was felt at all levels that the Supplimentry Arrangements of full time Hindi Teaching was unavoidable. In addition to this in the letter dated 12th June, 1955 written by the President to Ministry of Home Affairs while in revise Hindi Training was made compulsory for employees of the Central Government a suggestion was also given about newly recruit employees. It was therefore felt that newly recruited employees separately imparted intensive Hindi Training so that the policy of the Govt. could be implemented. Hence the Central Hindi Training Institute was set up in Delhi in August, 1985. In order to meet the constantly increasing demand for training and to achieve the prescribed targets within the stipulated time, three sub institutes were set up in Mumbai, Kolkatta and Bangalore in the year, 1988. With a view to enhance the training potential of Central Hindi Training Institute, to more sub institutes were set up at Chennai and hyderabad in the year 1990. 

Full-time intensive training in Hindi Language and Hindi Typing and Stenography is provided at Central Hindi Training Institute and its sub-institutes. In addition to these regular training programme workshops and short-term training programmes are also conducted for the employees of various categories. These are under the administrative control of the Director, Central Hindi Training Institute, these UP-Sansthan are run under the supervision of Regional Dy. Director. In sansthan and up-sansthan, the training in Hindi Language is imparted by Assistant Director (Language) and training in Hindi Typing/Stenography is imparted by the Assistant Director (Hindi Typing/Shorthand).

(III) Correspondence Cources of Hindi Language and Hindi Typing conducted under the Central Hindi Training Institute :

For the operational staff and the employees posted in the remote areas of the country, training through Correspondence in Hindi Language and Hindi Typing has been started by the Central Hindi Training Institute, New Delhi in August, 1990 and February 1991 respectively.


4. Training in Hindi Language is imparted at three levels. Prabodh is an elementry course, its standard being equivalent to that of Primary School level . Praveen is an Intermediary Course whose standard of Hindi is equivalent to that of Middle School level. Pragya is the final course and its standard of Hindi is equivalent to that of High School level. It is assumed that on completing of Pragya course, as employees acquires working knowledge of Hindi and he can do Official work in Hindi. Afterwards employees have to participate in the workshops to achieve proficiency in Hindi.


5. An examination wing has been set up for conducting examinations after the completion of the training programmes run by Central Hindi Training Institute and Hindi Teaching Scheme. This wing is in operation at New Delhi under the supervision of a Dy.Director. Examination wing conducts 22 examinations for more than eighty thousand trainees (80,000)every year. Earlier, examination results were prepared manually. It used to take long time and there was a delay of 2 to 3 months in declaration of results. Since 1991 most of its work has been decentralised and results are being prepared on computer. Consiquently, now results are being declared within one month after completion of the examination and all the candidates get the results before the next sessions starts. Certificates are also being prepared on computer.


6. Right from the start of the Hindi Teaching Scheme up to December, 2005, the number of employees trained in various training programmes is as under :-

Hindi language 13,16,704
Hindi Typing 1,36,296
Hindi Shorthand 24,491


7. Central Hindi Training Institute is a subordinate office of the Department of Official Language and the Hindi Teaching Scheme is also under its control. The Director, Central Hindi Traning Institute is the head of the department in respect of Central Hindi Training Institute/Hindi Teaching Scheme. Under Hindi Teaching Scheme training in Hindi language is imparted by Hindi Pradhyapaks and Assistant Directors(Language) have been appointed to supervise their work. Training in Hindi Typing and Hindi Stenography is imparted by Assistant Directors (Typing/Stenography). The officers incharge of the Regional Offices are  the Deputy Directors. For the supervision, control and guidance of various Hindi Typing/Stenography units located through out the country, a separate wing under the charge of Jt. Director(Typing/Stenography) has been established at New Delhi. For providing guidance in training programmes from academic point of view, monitoring, maintaining statistics, publication of text-books etc. A separate wing called Hindi Teaching Scheme(Hq.) under the Jt. Director has been established at New Delhi. Under the Central Hindi Training Institute and its sub-institutes the full time intensive training in Hindi and Hindi Typing/Stenography is imparted by the Assistant Directors(Language) and Assistant Directors (Typing/Stenography) respectively.

The number of sanctioned posts under the Central Hindi Training Institute and Hindi Teaching Scheme is as follows :-

Central Hindi Training Institute


Hindi Teaching Scheme


  S.N.        Name of the Region                                                   Sanctioned Post

1.                  Central Hindi Training Institute, New Delhi                               81

2.                  Deputy Director(Exam.), New Delhi                                           35

3.                  Deputy Director(Centre-North), New Delhi                               79

4.                  Deputy Director(South) and Sub-Institute, Chennai                  134

5.                  Deputy Director(North-East), Guwahati                                      51

6.                  Deputy Director(West), and Sub-Institute, Mumbai                 111

7.                  Deputy Director(East), Kolkata                                                   90

Total                                                                                                                 581

  ˽nÒ ‡„ÉIÉhÉ ªÉÉäVÉxÉÉ Eòä ºÉƪÉÖCiÉ ‡xÉnä„ÉEòÉå Eòä {ÉiÉä

   Address’s of the Jt. Directors of Hindi Teaching Scheme




{ÉnɇvÉEòÉ®Ò B´ÉÆ EòɪÉÉÇ±ÉªÉ EòÉ xÉÉ¨É ´É {ÉiÉÉ

    Designation And  Name of Office & Address  



˽nÒ ‡„ÉIÉhÉ ªÉÉäVÉxÉÉ Eòä IÉäjÉÒªÉ ={É ‡xÉnä„ÉEòÉå Eòä {ÉiÉä

   Address’s of the Regional Deputy Directors of Hindi Teaching Scheme



{ÉnɇvÉEòÉ®Ò B´ÉÆ EòɪÉÉÇ±ÉªÉ EòÉ xÉÉ¨É ´É {ÉiÉÉ

    Designation And  Name of Office & Address  



8. (a.) A hand book(Official Language Training) Introduction has been prepared on the basis of orders related to training issued from time to time by the Department of Official Language, this hand book is in great demand in various Ministries/Departments/Undertakings/Banks and establishments and is proving to be very useful.

(b.) Earlier the teaching instructions in the kits for Hindi Language Correspondence Prabodh course were in English and Hindi only. Now, as per the demand of the regions, these have been made available in Tamil, Telugu, Kannad and Bangla, Malayalam also. Due to this the nomination in correspondence course has considerably improved. In Southern India these kits are also been used for the training of Hindi in various centers of Hindi Teaching Scheme.

(c.) The demand of orders related to Hindi Teaching Scheme has been coming from time to time. Some of these orders have become irrelevant and some of them were the repetition of the subject by compiling the main and important orders, a manual has been prepared and with the approval of the Department of Official Language the same has been sent to the Government of India Press for publication.

(d.) Many of the Hindi Teachers and Assistant Directors appointed in Southern India are from Northern India. To facilitate training audio cassettes for Prabodh course have been prepared in Tamil, Telugu, Kannad and Malayalam and for Praveen course have been prepared in Tamil Malayalam and Kannad language. These cassettes are proved very useful as teaching aid in correspondence course.

(e.) Keeping in view  the usage and expansion of Computer in  Ministries/Departments, Banks, Undertakings etc. training in Hindi Typing and Hindi Stenography on computers has been started at  21 full time training centers  and 1 part time training center (Patna),  established throughout the country.  Efforts are being made to provide computers at the two full time training centers.

(f.) Setting up language lab in sub-institute under Central Hindi Training Institute : In modern language teaching, speech skill and listening capability have got the first place. Without acquiring this learning of a language remains incomplete. Most of the philologists are also of the opinion that the listening and oratory skills are of greater importance as compared to the skills in reading and writing because proper expression is possible only through the speech and listening skills. To enhance the level of listening and speech skills, the first and the foremost requirement is to understand and learn the language with proper and clear pronunciation of words. But non hindi speaking employees hesitate in speaking and pronouncing in hindi. A teacher alone, with the help of textbooks and black board in the class room cannot fulfill the requirement so easily and efficiently. Therefore, language laboratories consisting of sophisticated electronic equipments have been established by various language institutes etc. To supplement the efforts of the teacher in language teaching with the help of the language lab. The trainees can learn the language and rectify his pronunciation without any hesitation. Keeping this objective in view for providing this facility in the training of Official Language Hindi a language laboratory has been established in Central Hindi Training Sub-institute, Bangalore.

(g.) Offices of Central Government and Undertakings/ Installations under Central Government are located in small and big towns of the country. Due to limited resources it is not possible to establish training centres of Hindi Teaching Scheme in each city and as such it has not been possible to impart training of Hindi Language and Hindi Typing in such cities where training centres of Hindi Teaching Scheme have not been established. A large number of employees yet to be trained are working in these cities. Keeping this in view, a grant-in-aid scheme has been drawn for providing training in Hindi Language, Hindi Typing and Hindi Short-hand by voluntary organisations.

(h.) To enable employees/officers of the Secretariat and important departments of the State Governments to correspond in Hindi with Ministries/Departments of Central Government, it is essential that some employees and officers of State Governments get training in Hindi. Keeping this requirement in view, a scheme has been drawn under which state governments of Southern India and State Governments of North-Eastern States will be eligible to receive grant in aid for imparting training to their employees in Hindi Language, Hindi Typing and Hindi Shorthand.

(i.) Over 50 percent of officers and employees of Central Hindi Training Institute and Hindi Teaching Scheme have been imparted training on computer.

(j.) Results of the Hindi Prabodh, Praveen, Pragya and Hindi Typing/Shorthand examinations which are conducted by the Examination wing of Hindi Teaching Scheme are prepared on computer. About 80,000 trainees participate in these examinations each year.

(l.) Future Plans :

(i) Preparation of teaching instructions in Bangla and Oriya for the assistance of the trainees of Prabodh correspondence courses.

(ii) Preparation of Audio Cassettes in Telugu and Kannada for trainees of Praveen correspondence course.

(iii) To give training of Language courses of Prabodh, Praveen and Pragya on some centres on computers and arranging examination and declaring results on computers in same centres of Hindi Teaching Scheme, Central Hindi Training Institute and Sub Institute.


October 26, 2006 - Posted by | Govt. of INDIA ACTS on Languages

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: